Spot (Blemish) Treatments

Today, one of the most common skin problems is stains. Whether it's sun, old age, pregnancy, hormone therapy or contraceptive pills, skin blemishes are a very common and disturbing problem. Contrary to what is thought, the stain problem is not seen only on white skins. Dark skin types are also at risk. Increased damage to the ozone layer means that all of us are more exposed to ultraviolet rays. This makes sunspots most common aesthetic problems. The most common staining problem that occurs in all skin tones ranging from light to dark brown and which is more common with advanced age occurs in the regions where the skin is most exposed to the sun. The most important step of stain treatment is to go to the source of the problem. Knowing what causes the skin to produce the substance of the skin, which is the color of the melanin brown, that is, the hyperpigmentation problem is extremely important fort he treatment to be successful.

What is sun mark (melasma)?
The so-called melasma in the medical language, sunspots usually appear in the 20s and are more common in women. Spots frequently occur on two sides, ie on both sides of the face and symmetrically. Sunbathing - especially when the sun's rays are upright - is one of the main causes of brown spots on the forehead, cheeks, nose and lips after unprotected sunbathing. Especially, pregnancy, hormone therapy or birth control pills are triggered by the rising level of estrogen hormone. Although the color of the spots darkens during the summer months and gets a lighter look during the winter months, they can stay in the same darkness all year round.
One of the factors determining the success of stain treatment is whether the stains are deep or superficial. It is easier to treat the superficial marks on the upper layers of the skin, and the stains on the lower layers of the skin are relatively difficult. Generally, deep and superficial spotting is present. In the meantime, it is worth noting that brown and wheat skins tend to be more stained than white skin.

Why is this happening?
In fact, there is the same number of color cells in the skin where the sunspot is formed. The only difference is that the color cells in this area works more and color production is more because of the formation of dark spots. There are some findings that melasma may be related to stress. The hormones secreted during stress are thought to trigger color cells. However, as mentioned above, one of the main factors triggering stains is hormonal factors. Pregnancy, usage of pills, having a hormone treatment prepares the ground for staining.

Where does the stain occur most?
It can be seen in every area of the body with aging, especially in the areas where the skin is sensitive and in the most contact with the sun and chemicals. Because of the area which is most in contact with the sun and chemicals, they are most affected by the problem for instance hands, face, neck and décolleté.

What should I do to avoid sun marks?
Those who have a sun marks complaint should regularly use the sunscreen even in the winter. It is also very important that the protector has at least 30 factors and does not neglect to refresh every 4 hours during the day. In addition, even if the sunscreen lasts too much direct sun exposure, take care to stand in the shade, hat and glasses must be worn. They can use the foundation or powder which is with a sun protection factor. Thus, both spots are camouflaged and treatment is supported.

* Sun protection with protection factor should be used in every season.
* While trying to tan under the sun or in the salarium you should pay attention to uncontrolled burns on the skin.
* Do not use wet wipes, feather-yellowing creams, deodorants, perfumes or bronzing products before sunbathing or sunbathing. These products cause difficult staining on the skin.
* Take care to protect your skin from the sun after laser hair removal, skin care and peeling, especially on the skin applied to areas where skin is thin, such as face, armpit, groin area.
* Acne and acne scars come with beautiful applied treatments invitations to stains.
* Pregnancy is extremely important to be protected from the sun. The interaction of the hormonal changes with the sun creates the perfect basis for the formation of stains.
* Moisturizing the sensitive areas of the skin - face, décolleté and hands - prevents both staining and ensures that the areas are more resistant to signs of aging.

How are sun marks are treated?
* It is very important to determine the depth of the stain before treatment. The more the formation of the stain, the better it responds to treatment. The longer the stain, the longer the duration of treatment.
* The reason for the occurrence of the stain must be investigated and the factor triggering the stain problem should be eliminated. Otherwise, it may be difficult to get a result from the treatment, or it will reappear after a while even if the stain is reduced with treatment.
* Acute problems such as burns, redness, itching or scaling occur on the skin and no stain treatment is applied. These problems should be treated first and the skin should be thoroughly treated and the stain treatment should be started.
* It is extremely important to take care to use at least SPF 30 factor sunscreen during stain treatment.
* Different treatments such as laser systems, chemical peeling and mesotherapy can be used seperatly or in combination. The treatment protocol can be supplemented by stain creams and oral antioxidant supplements.

Mesotherapy is the injection of a formula consisting of vitamin C, glutathione, transexamic acid, salmon extract with subcutaneous needles for marks brightning and antioxidant agents. More successful results can be obtained by supporting the application with treatments such as laser or chemical peeling.

Chemical peeling
There are many different chemical peeling applications used in cosmetic treatments. The chemical peeling process that gently peels the upper layer of the skin suppresses the pigment synthesis of pigment-producing cells, enhancing collagen synthesis and triggers cell regeneration. The gap between sessions is 7 and 20 days depending on the product used; The number of sessions varies between 2 and 6 sessions, depending on the treatment and the reaction of the skin. The patient can return to their daily life immediately after the procedure. Regularly applied sessions not only reduce the appearance of stains, thin lines and wrinkles, but also the appearance of acne scars.

Laser treatment
In the treatment of laser staining, lasers that affect the color pigments or renew the skin are used. The mechanism of action of the first group is designed to damage the pigment in the lower layers of the skin. They do not cause any damage to the skin because they do not damage the surrounding tissues, they affect the patient without downtime.

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